Dating back more than a century, the paper industry is one of India 's oldest industries. Production was moderate at the beginning of the 20th century. By 1993 Indian paper production had risen to 2.4 million tones per year, as a result of the increasing emphasis on literacy. Demand for paper is likely to increase at a much faster rate in the future. The operating capacity of the industry currently stands at approx 9.3 million tons.
India is almost self-sufficient in manufacture of most varieties of paper and paperboards. Import, however, is confined only to certain specialty papers. To meet part of its raw material needs the industry has to rely on imported wood pulp and waste paper.